Publication ethics and malpractice statement

(based on COPE's Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors)


Iran J Pathol is committed to ensuring ethics in publication and quality of articles. Conformance to standards of ethical behavior is therefore expected of all parties involved: Authors, Editors, Reviewers, and the Publisher.

In particular,

A) Authors

Authors should present an objective discussion of the significance of research work as well as sufficient detail and references to permit others to replicate the experiments. Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical behavior and are unacceptable. Review articles should also be objective, comprehensive, and accurate accounts of the state of the art. The authors should ensure that their work is entirely original works, and if the work and/or words of others have been used, this has been appropriately acknowledged. Plagiarism in all its forms constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable. Submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal concurrently constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable. Authors should not submit articles describing essentially the same research to more than one journal. The corresponding author should ensure that there is a full consensus of all co-authors in approving the final version of the paper and its submission for publication.

B) Editors

Editors should evaluate manuscripts exclusively on the basis of their academic merit. An editor must not use unpublished information in the editor's own research without the express written consent of the author. Editors should take reasonable responsive measures when ethical complaints have been presented concerning a submitted manuscript or published paper.

C) Reviewers

Any manuscripts received for review must be treated as confidential documents. Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal advantage. Reviews should be conducted objectively, and observations should be formulated clearly with supporting arguments, so that authors can use them for improving the paper. Any selected referee who feels unqualified to review the research reported in a manuscript or knows that its prompt review will be impossible should notify the editor and excuse himself from the review process. Reviewers should not consider manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions connected to the papers.
D) Ethical guidelines

Ethical considerations must be addressed according to the COPE policy.

E) Conflicts of interest

 Authors must acknowledge and declare any sources of funding and potential conflicting interest, such as receiving funds or fees by, or holding stocks and shares in, an organization that may profit or lose through publication of your paper. Declaring a competing interest will not lead to automatic rejection of the paper, but we would like to be made aware of it.

This Journal Use the ICMJE Form for Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest to generate a disclosure statement for your manuscript.

F) Page charges:

Starting with 2016 IJP levies an article-processing charge of 3.000.000 Rls. for each original, short communication and case report article (not Reviews, Minireviews or Letters-to-the Editor) accepted for publication. Please note that these charges apply only to accepted articles of Iranian authors. All other articles are exempt from these charges. Payment will become due if your manuscript is accepted for publication by the editors. The article processing charge must be paid before the manuscript will be published.

G) Copyright

Upon acceptance of an article, authors will be asked to complete a 'Journal Publishing Agreement'.  Acceptance of the agreement will ensure the widest possible dissemination of information. An e-mail will be sent to the corresponding author confirming receipt of the manuscript together with a 'Journal Publishing Agreement'.
Subscribers may reproduce tables of contents or prepare lists of articles including abstracts for internal circulation within their institutions.



IRANIAN JOURNAL OF PATHOLOGY published by Iranian Society of Pathology is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at

H) Plagiarism (From Plagiarism policy)

Plagiarism is defined as submitting as one's own work, irrespective of intent to deceive, that which derives in part or in its entirety from the work of others without due acknowledgement; or, in the case of self-plagarism, unless explicitly permitted by regulation, submitting one's own work that has already been submitted for assessment to satisfy the requirements of any other academic qualification, or submitted for publication without due acknowledgment. It is both poor scholarship and a breach of academic integrity.

Examples of plagiarism include copying (using another person's language and/or ideas as if they are your own), by:

  • quoting verbatim another person's work without due acknowledgement of the source;
  • paraphrasing another person’s work by changing some of the words, or the order of the words, without due acknowledgement of the source;
  • using ideas taken from someone else without reference to the originator;
  • cutting and pasting from the Internet to make a pastiche of online sources;
  • submitting someone else's work as part of your own without identifying clearly who did the work; for example, buying or commissioning work via professional agencies such as ‘essay banks’ or ‘paper mills’, or not attributing research contributed by others to a joint project.

Plagiarism might also arise from colluding with another person, including another student, other than as permitted for joint project work (i.e. where collaboration is concealed or has been forbidden). You should include a general acknowledgement where you have received substantial help, for example with the language and style of a piece of written work.

Plagiarism can occur in respect to all types of sources and media:

  • text, illustrations, musical quotations, mathematical derivations, computer code, etc.;
  • material downloaded from websites or drawn from manuscripts or other media;
  • published and unpublished material, including lecture handouts and other students’ work. 

Acceptable means of acknowledging the work of others (by referencing, in footnotes, or otherwise) is an essential component of any work submitted for assessment, whether written examination, dissertation, essay, registration exercise or group course work. The most appropriate method for attribution of others’ work may vary according to the subject matter and mode of assessment.  The Course Director will provide guidance on the relevant scholarly convention for submitted work at the start of your course.

If other people’s ideas are used, they must be acknowledged. Quotation marks must be used to cite the words of others, whether written or spoken, and a footnote or reference should be added in the assignment text to accompany the quotation and indicate from where it is taken (see below). If an idea generated by someone else is cited, it should be referenced in the same way. Similarly, if an illustration is included from another source, or someone else’s data is included in a graph or table, the source must be acknowledged. If information is obtained and used from a web source on the internet, the source must be referenced.


You may only submit an assignment for formal assessment once. Assignments that have previously been submitted to ICE or to another higher education institution for formal assessment should not be submitted. Self-plagiarism occurs when the same piece of work (or a significant part thereof) is submitted for formal assessment twice.

If you do cite small sections of your own pre-existing work, you must reference it in the same way as if it were sourced from another author.

You are responsible for ensuring that you have read and understood the Institute’s plagiarism guidance above and follow it in all work submitted for assessment.

If, after reading the guidance, you have any outstanding queries you should seek clarification at the earliest opportunity from the Course Director.

All assignments submitted for assessment are screened using the text-matching software Turnitin.

Failure to conform to the expected standards of scholarship (e.g. by not referencing sources) in work submitted for assessment will be investigated by the ICE Assessment Standards Panel and may affect the mark given to your work. In addition, suspected cases of the use of unfair means (of which plagiarism is one form) may be subject to further disciplinary action.

This guidance is also given in the ICE virtual learning environment (VLE), in your course space.


Policy and Action for Plagiarism
Iran J Pathol respects intellectual property and aims at protecting and promoting original work of its authors. Manuscripts containing plagiarized material are against the standards of quality, research and innovation. Hence, all authors submitting articles to Iran J Pathol are expected to abide ethical standards and abstain from plagiarism, in any form. In case, an author is found to be suspected of plagiarism in a submitted or published manuscript then, Iran J Pathol shall contact the author (s) to submit his / her (their) explanation within two weeks, which may be forwarded to the Fact Finding Committee (FFC) constituted for the purpose, for further course of action. If Iran J Pathol does not receive any response from the author within the stipulated time period, then the Director / Dean / Head of the concerned College, Institution or Organization or the Vice Chancellor of the University to which the author is affiliated shall be contacted to take strict action against the concerned author.

Iran J Pathol shall take serious action against published manuscripts found to contain plagiarism and shall completely remove them from Iran J Pathol website and other third party websites where the paper is listed and indexed. The moment, any article published in Iran J Pathol database is reported to be plagiarized, Iran J Pathol will constitute a Fact Finding Committee (FFC) to investigate the same. Upon having established that the manuscript is plagiarized from some previously published work, Iran J Pathol shall support the original author and manuscript irrespective of the publisher and may take any or all of the following immediate actions or follow the additional course of actions as recommended by the committee:

  1. Iran J Pathol editorial office shall immediately contact the Director / Dean / Head of the concerned College, Institution or Organization or the Vice Chancellor of the University to which the author(s) is (are) affiliated to take strict action against the concerned author.
  2. Iran J Pathol shall remove the PDF copy of the published manuscript from the website and disable all links to full text article. The term Plagiarized Manuscript shall be appended to the published manuscript title.
  3. Iran J Pathol shall disable the author account with the journal and reject all future submissions from the author for a period of 03 / 05 / 10 years or even ban the authors permanently.
  4. Iran J Pathol may also display the list of such authors along with their full contact details on the Iran J Pathol website.
  5. Any other course of action, as recommended by the Committee or as deemed fit for the instant case or as decided by the Editorial Board, from time to time.